Terms, Factors and Coefficients


Terms are the individual building blocks of expressions. They add up to form expressions. A term is a product of its factors.
For example, the expression 5xy – 3, is made up of two terms, 5xy and (-3).


Factors are those variables or constants, whose product form a term of an expression.
For example, 8, p and q are the factors of the term 8pq.
Factors are such that they cannot be factorised further.


The numerical factor of a term is called the coefficient of that term.
For the terms, 6y and 2xy, the coefficient of 6y is 6 and the coefficient of 2xy is 2.

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