1. If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of two adjacent angles formed by that ray is 180°.
This shows that the common arm of the two angles is the ray which is standing on a line and the two adjacent angles are the linear pair of the angles. As the sum of two angles is 180° so these are supplementary angles too.
2. If the sum of two adjacent angles is 180°, then the arms which are not common of the angles form a line.
This is the reverse of the first axiom which says that the opposite is also true.
Vertically opposite Angles Theorem
When two lines intersect each other, then the vertically opposite angles so formed will be equal.
AC and BD are intersecting each other so AOD = BOC and AOB = DOC.