# Direct Proportion

Two quantities a and b are said to be in direct proportion if

• Increase in a increases the b
• Decrease in a decreases the b

But the ratio of their respective values must be the same.

• a and b will be in direct proportion if = k(k is constant) or a = kb.
• In such a case if b1, b2 are the values of b corresponding to the values a1, a2 of a respectively then, Symbol of Proportion

When two quantities a and b are in proportion then they are written as a b where represents “is proportion to”.

Methods to solve Direct Proportion Problems

There are two methods to solve the problems related to direct proportion-

1. Tabular Method

As we know that So, if one ratio is given then we can find the other values also. (The ratio remains the constant in the direct proportion).

Example

The cost of 4-litre milk is 200 Rs. Tabulate the cost of 2, 3, 5, 8 litres of milk of same quality.

Solution:

Let X litre of milk is of cost Y Rs.

We know that as the litre will increase the cost will also increase and if the litre will decrease then the cost will also decrease.

Given,      So the cost of 2 litre milk is Rs.100     So the cost of 3 ltr milk is Rs. 150     So the cost of 5 ltr milk is Rs. 250     So the cost of 8 litre milk is Rs. 400

2. Unitary Method

If two quantities a and b are in direct proportion then the relation will be We can use this relation in solving the problem.

Example

If a worker gets 2000 Rs. to work for 4 hours then how much time will they work to get 60000 Rs.?

Solution:

Here,  Hence, they have to work for 12 hours to get Rs. 60000

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